Office of the Vice-Admiral of England
Office of the Vice-Admiral of England
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Department Admiralty and Marine Affairs Office
Member of Navy Board
Reports to Lord High Admiral
Nominator Lord High Admiral
Appointer Monarch of the England
Term Length Not fixed
Inaugural holder Sir Robert de Umfraville
Final holder Sir George Rooke
Formation 1410–1707

The office of the Vice-Admiral of England and also known as the Vice-Admiral of the Fleet was created in 1410 it was the second most powerful position in the Royal Navy until 1801, the title though now an honorary one is still in use today as Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom. He is the deputy of the Lord High Admiral.

1) History

The office was created in 1410 as the deputy of the High Admiral of England and the second most powerful position in the Royal Navy, and until 1801. From 1628 the responsibilities of the Board of Admiralty would, in theory, have devolved upon the Vice-Admiral had the entire Board been incapacitated before a new Commission of Admiralty could pass the Great Seal. However, such a contingency never occurred in practice. In 1672 the Office of Lieutenant of the Admiralty is merged with this office subsequently from this date all post holders appointed were styled as of the Admiralty and entitled Vice-Admiral of England. Below the office of Vice-Admiral ranks the Rear-Admiral of England. With the Act of Union in 1707 that amalgamated the Kingdom of England with the Kingdom of Scotland a new office of Vice-Admiral of Great Britain was created.

2) Vice-Admirals of England

  1. Sir Robert de Umfraville, 1410–1436
  2. Sir Richard Harliston, 1470–1483
  3. William FitzWilliam,1513-1517
  4. Sir Thomas Spert, 1517-1519
  5. William FitzWilliam, 1st Earl of Southampton, 1520
  6. Sir Thomas Wyndham, 1521
  7. Sir Nicholas Wadham 1521-1525.
  8. Sir Robert Tyrwhitt 1525-1548
  9. William FitzWilliam, 1st Earl of Southampton , 1522–1523
  10. Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle, 1525-1536
  11. Sir Francis Bryan, 1543
  12. Richard Brooke-Norton, 1543-1545
  13. Sir Thomas Clere, 1546-1552
  14. Sir William Woodhouse, 1552-1564
  15. Sir Richard Leveson, 1604-1618
  16. Sir Robert Mansel, 1618-1656

3) Vice-Admirals of England and Lieutenant of the Admiralty

  1. Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, 1661-1672
  2. Prince Rupert of the Rhine , 1672-1682
  3. Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton 2 December 1682 – 1689
  4. Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, 1689-1702
  5. Sir George Rooke 1702-1709

2) Sources

  1. W. G. Perrin (1928) The VICE-ADMIRAL and REAR-ADMIRAL of the UNITEDKINGDOM, The Mariner's Mirror, 14:1, 26-31, DOI: 10.1080/00253359.1928.10655449.
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