A Naval History of Great Britain: Sea Power through the Ages

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Welcome to **Naval History Great Britain a personal wiki of two retired naval history hobbyists documenting the Naval History of the English Navy , that became the Navy Royal, that was merged with the Royal Scots Navy to become the Royal Navy from the 12th century to modern day. Please note this is a new site with work in progress.


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To explore Britain's rich naval history by century

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Structure of our Naval History Articles by Century

Each naval history is structured to ensure ease of navigation they all feature a brief Historical Overview for each particular century. Then under Organization the Navy includes the High Command of the Armed Forces of England then later Great Britain and finally United Kingdom listing the Monarchs as the Commander-in-Chief during this period together with their chief advisory body.

This is followed by a brief overview of the Admiralty of England, Great Britain and finally the United Kingdom and the Navy. Originally there were three Regional Admiralty's or established in late 13th century that at various times were unified into two larger regional commands. Two of these commands survived till the beginning of the 15th century when they unified into a single central command between 1412 and 1414 when it became known as Admiralty Office . It was initially directed and controlled by the High Admiral of England. It was later renamed to the Admiralty and Marine Affairs Office

As the navy was expanding the workload of the Admiralty Office was expanding it was deemed to much responsibility for one person and a small staff to manage alone namely the Lord Admiral of England. This lead to the creation of the Council of the Marine later called the Navy Board. It was responsible for the civil administration of the Navy. The Admiralty and Marine Affairs Office was then left to concentrate on naval policy making and military operations, this dual organisation remained unchanged for 300 years.

In 1628 the Office of the Lord Admiral of England was placed in the hands of a commission known as the Board of Admiralty. In 1707 the Admiralty and Marine Affairs Office officially became a civil department of state called the Department of Admiralty that was controlled by a government minister known as the First Lord of the Admiralty In 1689 the post of Senior Naval Lord was established who was a serving naval officer usually an Admiral his office later became known as the First Sea Lord. In 1832 the Navy Board was abolished and its functions were merged with the Department of Admiralty. In 1917 the navy's first professional military staff body was created known as the Admiralty Naval Staff. In 1964 the Department of Admiralty was amalgamated along with two other government ministries the Air Ministry and War Office within a new and much larger Ministry of Defence*** where it became known as the Navy Department.

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