Office of the Senior Naval Lord
Office of the Senior Naval Lord
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Department Department of Admiralty
Member of Board of Admiralty
Reports to First Lord of the Admiralty
Nominator Prime Minister of Great Britain
Appointee Monarch of the Great Britain
Term Length Not fixed
Inaugural holder Sir Arthur Herbert
Final holder Sir Francis Holburne
Formation 1689-1771

The Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty was established in 1689 who was usually the most senior serving naval officer on the board; the post existed until 1771 when it was renamed First Naval Lord. The office holder was the Chief Naval Advisor both to the First Lord of the Admiralty and the board itself.

1) History

The office of Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty was established on 8 March 1689, with the first incumbent being Admiral Arthur Herbert; he was also First Lord of the Admiralty. On the 20 January 1690 Admiral Herbert was succeeded by Admiral Sir John Chicheley under First Lord of Admiralty Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke.On 22 May 1702 the Board of Admiralty ceased control of Naval Affairs and was replaced by the Lord Admiral's Council. The previous office of Senior Naval Lord was replaced by a Senior Member to the Lord Admirals Council; he was usually a serving naval officer of Admiral rank and was the Chief Naval Adviser to the Lord Admiral. This lasted until 8 November 1709 when the Board of Admiralty resumed control of Naval Affairs and the post of Senior Naval Lord was resumed. On 2 February 1771 the office of Senior Naval Lord was renamed to First Naval Lord.

2) Senior Naval Lord's

  1. Admiral Arthur Herbert, (8 March 1689-20 January 1690)
  2. Admiral Sir John Chicheley, (20 January 1690-5 June 1690)
  3. Admiral Edward Russell, (5 June 1690-23 January 1691)
  4. Captain Henry Priestman, (23 January 1691-2 May 1694)
  5. Admiral Earl of Orford, (2 May 1694-31 May 1699)
  6. Admiral Sir George Rooke, (31 May 1699-26 January 1702)
  7. Admiral Sir John Leake, (8 November 1709-4 October 1710)
  8. Admiral Sir George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, (4 October 1710-30 September 1712)
  9. Admiral Sir John Leake, (30 September 1712-14 October 1714)
  10. Admiral Sir George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, (14 October 1714-16 April 1717)
  11. Admiral Matthew Aylmer Matthew, (16 April 1717-19 March 1718)
  12. Admiral Sir George Byng , 1st Viscount Torrington, (19 March 1718-30 September 1721)
  13. Admiral Sir John Jennings, (30 September 1721- June 1727)
  14. Admiral Sir John Norris, (1 June 1727-13 May 1730)
  15. Admiral Sir Charles Wager, (13 May 1730-23 June 1733)
  16. Admiral Lord Archibald Hamilton, (23 June 1733-13 March 1738)
  17. Admiral Lord Harry Powlett, (13 March 1738-19 March 1742)
  18. Admiral Lord Archibald Hamilton, (19 March 1742-25 March 1746)
  19. Admiral Lord Vere Beauclerk, (25 March 1746-18 November 1749)
  20. Admiral Lord Anson, (18 November 1749-22 June 1751) [15]
  21. Admiral Sir William Rowley, (22 June 1751-17 November 1756)
  22. Vice Admiral The Honourable Edward Boscawen , (17 November 1756-6 April 1757)
  23. Admiral Sir William Rowley, (6 April 1757-2 July 1757)
  24. Admiral The Honourable Edward Boscawen, (2 July 1757-19 March 1761)
  25. Admiral The Honourable John Forbes, (19 March 1761-20 April 1763)
  26. Admiral Earl Howe, (20 April 1763-31 July 1765)
  27. Admiral Sir Charles Saunders, (31 July 1765-15 September 1766)
  28. Rear Admiral The Honourable Augustus Keppel, (15 September 1766-11 December 1766)
  29. Rear Admiral Sir Peircy Brett, (11 December 1766-28 February 1770)
  30. Admiral Sir Francis Holburne, (28 February 1770-2 February 1771)

3) Sources

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Sea_Lord

4) Attribution

  1. English Naval Ensign 1750 to 1800 is courtesy of Ċ½eljko Heimer at crwflags.com: https://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/gb-enshs.html#red.
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