Rosyth Dockyard

Rosyth Dockyardis a large Royal Navy Dockyard on the [[Firth of Forth]] at [[Rosyth]], [[Fife]], [[Scotland]], owned by [[Babcock Marine]], which formerly undertook refitting of [[Royal Navy]] surface vessels and submarines. Before its privatisation in the 1990s it was formally the '''Royal Naval Dockyard Rosyth'''. Its primary role is now as integration site for the Royal Navy's newest aircraft carriers - the [[Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier|''Queen Elizabeth''-class]].

History

[Dockyard - geograph.org.uk - 147138.jpg|thumb|right|Cranes at the Rosyth Dockyard]
Construction of the dockyard by civil engineers [[Easton, Gibb & Son]] commenced in 1909. At the time, the Royal Navy was strengthening its presence along the eastern seaboard of Great Britain due to a [[Anglo-German naval arms race|naval arms race]] with [[Germany]].<ref>cite web|url=http://www.nas.gov.uk/about/0708013.asp |title=Records from Rosyth Royal Dockyard show machinery of 250 and 100 ton cantilever cranes |publisher=National Archives of Scotland |accessdate=19 March 2016 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160414023208/http://www.nas.gov.uk/about/0708013.asp |archivedate=14 April 2016 |df=dmy-all</ref>

First World War

  • [[HMS Russell (1901)]]

In 1903 approval was given with an estimated cost of £3 million for "works" and £250,000 for machinery spread over 10 years. The site consisted of 1,184 acres of land, 285 acres of foreshore, and the main basin would be 52.5 acres. Large enough for 11 battleships or 22 if doubled up. The first ship to [[dry dock]] there was the pre-dreadnought battleship [[HMS Zealandia]] on 28 March 1916.<ref>cite book |first=David K |last=Brown |title=The grand fleet : warship design and development, 1906-1922 |publisher=Seaforth Pub |location=Barnsley |year=2010 |isbn=978-1-84832-085-7</ref>
Interwar years

  • [[HMS Magnificent (1894)]] as an ammunition store ship between October 1918 & 4 February 1920.
  • [[HMS Glory (1899)|HMS Crescent (1899)]] as a harbor depot ship between 1 May 1920 and 17 September 1921.
  • [[HMS London (1899)]] as a minelayer between February 1918 and January 1919.

[[File:Rosyth-1986a.jpg|thumb|Rosyth Dockyard in 1986]]
Privatisation
[[File:Rosythaircraftcarrierworks.jpg|thumb|right|The new ''Goliath'' crane at the Dockyard, used for the current assembly of the Royal Navy's new 65,000 tonne aircraft carriers.]]
Babcock Thorn, a consortium operated by Babcock International and [[Thorn EMI]], was awarded the management contract for Rosyth dockyard in 1987; with Rosyth Dockyard becoming a government owned, contractor run facility. This contract was awarded in parallel with [[Devonport Management Limited]]'s contract to run [[HMNB Devonport|Devonport Dockyard]], [[Plymouth]]. In 1993 the [[Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)|Ministry of Defence]] announced plans to privatise Rosyth. Babcock International, who had bought out Thorn's share of the original Babcock Thorn consortium, was the only company to submit a bid and after protracted negotiations purchased the yard in January 1997.<ref>cite web|url=https://assets.digital.cabinet-office.gov.uk/media/555de3c840f0b669c40000d1/Babcock.pdf|title=Completed acquisition by Babcock International Group plc of Devonport Management Limited|publisher=Office of Fair Trading|accessdate=19 March 2016</ref>

===Nuclear submarine refitting===
In 1984 Rosyth was chosen as the sole location for refitting the Royal Navy's nuclear submarine fleet (a role it was already specialising in), and in 1986 extensive rebuilding commenced to facilitate this new role. However, in 1993, the government switched the refitting role to Devonport Dockyard.<ref name="FTbattle">cite news | first = David | last = White | title = Shrinking navy prompted great nuclear race: David White tracks the two-year highly politicised battle for the contract to refit Trident submarines | work = Financial Times | publisher = The Financial Times | page = 8 | date = 1993-06-25 | accessdate = 2007-01-19</ref>

===Nuclear submarine decommissioning===
Seven nuclear submarines were stored at Rosyth in 2007:<ref>cite web |url=https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmhansrd/cm070125/text/70125w0009.htm#subhd_87 |title=Parliamentary Business 27 Jan 2007 |publisher=Hansard |accessdate=26 July 2014</ref>

  • [[HMS Churchill (S46)|HMS ''Churchill'']]
  • [[HMS Dreadnought (S101)|HMS ''Dreadnought'']]
  • [[HMS Resolution (S22)|HMS ''Resolution'']]
  • [[HMS Repulse (S23)|HMS ''Repulse'']]
  • [[HMS Renown (S26)|HMS ''Renown'']]
  • [[HMS Revenge (S27)|HMS ''Revenge'']]
  • [[HMS Swiftsure (S126)|HMS ''Swiftsure'']]

===Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers===
[Queen Elizabeth alongside HMS Illustrious.jpg|thumb|HMS Queen Elizabeth under construction at Rosyth (alongside HMS Illustrious)]The Royal Navy's two [[Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier|''Queen Elizabeth''-class]] carriers are being constructed across six UK shipyards, with final assembly at Rosyth.<ref>cite web|url=https://www.theengineer.co.uk/two-carriers-take-shape-at-rosyth/|title=Two carriers take shape at Rosyth|date=1 September 2014|publisher=The Engineer|accessdate=19 March 2016</ref>

Administration of the dockyard

The [[admiral-superintendent]] was the Royal Navy officer in command of a larger Naval Dockyard. The appointment of admiral-superintendents (or their junior equivalents) dates from 1832 when the Admiralty took charge of the Royal Dockyards. Prior to this larger dockyards were overseen by a commissioner who represented the [[Navy Board]].

Admiral-Superintendent, Rosyth

Included:''<ref>cite web|last1=Mackie|first1=Colin|title=Royal Navy Appointments from 1865|url=http://www.gulabin.com/armynavy/pdf/Senior%20Royal%20Navy%20Appointments%201865-.pdf|website=gulabin.com|publisher=Colin Mackie, p.113, December 2017|accessdate=19 December 2017</ref>

  • Rear-Admiral Sir [[Henry Bruce (Royal Navy officer)|Henry H. Bruce]]: June 1915-April 1920
  • Vice-Admiral Sir [[John Green (Royal Navy officer)|John F. E. Green]]: April 1920-June 1923
  • Rear-Admiral [[Colin Cantlie]]: September 1939-April 1944
  • Rear-Admiral [[Henry C. Bovell]]: April 1944-April 1947
  • Vice-Admiral Sir [[Angus Cunninghame-Graham]]: April 1947-August 1951
  • Rear-Admiral [[John Crombie|John H. F. Crombie]]: August 1951-November 1953
  • Rear-Admiral [[Peter Skelton (Royal Navy Officer)|Peter Skelton]]: November 1953-September 1956
  • Rear-Admiral [[Peter D.H.R. Pelly]]: September 1956-November 1957
  • Rear-Admiral [[Walter Evershed]]: November 1957-September 1960
  • Rear-Admiral [[Ian G. Aylen]]: September 1960-September 1963
  • Rear-Admiral [[John G. Watson]]: September 1963-September 1966
  • Rear-Admiral [[William T.C. Ridley]]: September 1966-September 1971

Port Admiral, Rosyth++

  • Rear-Admiral [[William T.C. Ridley]]: September 1971-February 1972
  • Rear-Admiral [[Peter White (Royal Navy officer)|Peter White]]: February 1972-April 1974
  • Rear-Admiral [[Anthony J. Monk]]: April 1974-January 1976
  • Rear-Admiral [[William T. Pillar]]: January 1976-November 1977
  • Rear-Admiral [[John R.D. Nunn]]: November 1977-January 1980
  • Rear-Admiral [[James E.C. Kennon]]: January 1980-August 1981
  • Rear-Admiral [[John C. Warsop]]: August 1981-August 1983
  • Vice-Admiral [[Robert R. Squires (Royal Navy Officer)|Robert R. Squires]]: August-December 1983

In the Royal Naval Dockyards, admiral-superintendents ceased to be appointed after 15 September 1971, and existing post-holders were renamed [[port admiral]]s.<ref>{{cite web|title=House of Commons 27 July 1971|url=http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1971/jul/27/royal-dockyards|website=Hansard}}</ref>

Note: These officers reported to the [[Flag Officer Scotland and Northern Ireland]]

References

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