Office of the President and Judge of the High Court of the Admiralty
President and Judge of the High Court of the Admiralty
Preceded by None
Department Department of Admiralty
Reports to Board of Admiralty
Nominator First Lord of the Admiralty
Appointee Monarch of the England
Term Length Not fixed
First post holder William Lacy, LL.B.
Final post holder Sir. Robert Joseph Phillimore D.C.L
Formation 1483–1875
Succeeded by High Court of Justice

The office of President and Judge of the High Court of Admiralty was created in 1483 he was the Chief Law Officer of the High Court of the Admiralty. The post holder was supported by various officials and the post existed until 1875.

1) History

The office was first established in 1483 and until the resignation of the Duke of York in 1673 the Judge was appointed by the Lord High Admiral by letters patent under the seal of the court. From 1673 appointments were made by the crown by letters patent under the great seal with the single exception of Henchman (1714) who was appointed by the Admiralty by letters patent under the seal of the court Tenure was during pleasure until 1689 and during good behaviour thereafter. In 1689 a salary of £400 was attached to the office payable by the Treasurer of the Navy. Between 1694 and 1714 a further £400 was provided as a reward for attendance on the Privy Council, the Secretaries of State and the Admiralty. This was at first paid out of the Admiralty contingent fund but was transferred to the ordinary establishment in 1698. From 1714 to 1778 the basic salary was £400 with an additional £400 in time of war. In 1725 a further £400 was provided in recognition of the Judge's extra judicial activities and for the making of reports but this was retrenched in the following year. In 1783 an additional allowance of £980 a year was attached to the office and made payable from the time of Marriott's appointment in 1778. In 1798 the salary was fixed at £2500. In addition to his salary the Judge was entitled to certain fees arising from cases in the court. In 1840 these were abolished and a salary of £4000, payable out of the consolidated fund, was provided by statute which also disqualified the Judge from membership of the House of Commons.

2) President and Judge of the High Court of the Admiralty

  1. 1483-1490, William Lacy, LL.B.
  2. 1490-1514, Robert Rydon LL.B.
  3. 1514-1524, Christopher Middleton, LL.B.
  4. 1524-1536, Sir. John Tregonwell D.C.L
  5. 1536-1542 Anthony Husse or (Hussey) sitting for Sir John Tregonwell as Deputy Judge
  6. 1542-1549, Sir. John Tregonwell D.C.L
  7. 1549, January-October, Richard Lyell, D.C.L.
  8. 1549-1554, Griffith or (Griffin) Leyson, D.C.L.
  9. 1554-1558, William Cooke or (Coke), D.C.L.
  10. 1558-1574 David Lewis, D.C.L.
  11. 1575-1584 David Lewis, D.C.L. and John Harbert or (Herbert) B.C.L. (jointly)
  12. 1584-1589 Sir Julius Caesar D.C.L. and Valentine Dale, D.C.L. (jointly) Dale died in 1589
  13. 1589-1605, Sir Julius Caesar D.C.L.
  14. 1605-1608, Sir Thomas Crompton, D.C.L.
  15. 1608-1617, Sir Daniel Dun or (Donne), D.C.L.
  16. 1614-1617 Sir Richard Trevor or (Trever), D.C.L.
  17. 1617-1641, Sir Henry Marten, D.C.L.
  18. 1641-1643, Richard Zouche, D.C.L.
  19. 1644-1647, William Sammes, L.L.D.
  20. 1647-1648, William Clark, L.L.D.
  21. 1648-1651 John Exton, Issac Dorislaus L.L.D and William Clark (jointly)
  22. 1652-1653, William Stephens or (Steevens)
  23. 1653-1654, Nathaniel Bacon
  24. 1654-1655, John Godolphin and William Clark, L.L.D. (jointly)
  25. 1655-1658, Charles George Cock and John Godolphin (jointly)
  26. 1659-1660 William Turner, D.C.L.
  27. 1660-1661, Thomas Hyde, L.L.D.
  28. 1661, February-March,Richard Zouche
  29. 1661, March-October, Thomas Hyde
  30. 1661-1668, John Exton, L.L.D
  31. 1668-1685, Leoline Jenkins, D.C.L
  32. 1685-1686, Sir. Richard Lloyd, D.C.L.
  33. 1686, July-December. Sir. Thomas Exton, L.L.D
  34. 1686-1689, Sir. Richard Raines, L.L.D
  35. 1689-1714, Sir. Charles Hedges, D.C.L
  36. 1714, June-December, Humphrey Henchman, D.C.L
  37. 1714-1715, Sir Henry Newton, D.C.L
  38. 1715-1751, Sir. Henry Penrice, L.L.D.
  39. 1751-1773, Sir. Thomas Salusbury, L.L.D,
  40. 1773-1778, Sir George Hay, D.C.L.
  41. 1778-1798, Sir. James Marriott, L.L.D
  42. 1798-1828, Sir. William Scott, D.C.L.
  43. 1828-1833, Sir. Christopher Robinson, D.C.L.
  44. 1833-1838, Sir. John Nicholl, D.C.L.
  45. 1838-1867, The Right Hon: Stephen Lushington, D.C.L.
  46. 1867-1875, Sir. Robert Joseph Phillimore (Bart), D.C.L.

3) Sources

  1. 'Admiralty court', in Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4, Admiralty Officials 1660-1870, ed. J C Sainty (London, 1975), pp. 95-99. British History Online [accessed 7 December 2018].
  2. William Senior (1927) The JUDGES of the HIGH COURT of ADMIRALTY, The Mariner's Mirror, 13:4, 333-347, DOI: 10.1080/00253359.1927.10655437.
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