Northern and Western Admiralty
Northern and Western Admiralty
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Preceding None
Active 1364-1414
Branch English Navy
Type Admiralty
Role Naval Administration & Operation
Country Kingdom of England
Headquarters Yarmouth, England
Commander Admiral of the North and West
Deputy commander Vice-Admiral of the North and West
Parent command Armed Forces of England
Sub-command Admiralties of the Coast
Succeeding command Admiralty Office
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The Northern and Western Admiralty* was a regional admiralty of the English Navy that was administered by the Admiral of the North and West* from 1363 to 1414 when it was unified with the office of the High Admiral of England to create a single Admiralty Office for all of England.

The main naval component forces were the Northern Fleet or Northern Squadron and the Western Fleet or Western Squadron.

1) History

The origins of the admiralty began with the appointment of the office Admiral of the North and West on 7 July 1364 conveyed upon Sir Ralph Spigurnell, he was originally styled Admiral of the North and West Sea. The office was styled by different names from its establishment such as Admiral of the North and West Stations. From 28 April 1369 to 24 November 1377 there was no further appointments until the post was revived with the appointment of Michael, Lord Wingfield he held the office very briefly until December 1377 when it once again ceased. On 10 December 1386 it was revived again with the appointment of Richard FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel he held the post until 18 May 1389. There would be a further four appointments from May 1389 to April 1400 before the office ceased again. It was re-established again on 23 December 1406 the command being given to John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset. The last Commander-in-Chief was Thomas Beaufort, Earl of Dorset until May 1407 before becoming vacant once more. In 1408 it was established for the final time when the Northern Admiralty of Western Admiralty were combine until 1414 when it was replaced by a single Admiralty Office covering all of England. It was considered one the English Navy's most important naval commands from the mid-14th century until the beginning of the 15th century.

Two of the office holders Sir John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and Thomas Beaufort, Earl of Dorset both retained the title for life.

2) In command

Admirals of the North and West

  1. Admiral Sir Ralph de Spigurnell, Baron Spigurnell — 7 July 1364 - 28 April 1369.
  2. Admiral Michael, Lord Wingfield — 24 November 1377 - 5 December 1377.
  3. Admiral Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel — 10 December 1386 - 18 May 1389.
  4. Admiral Sir John Roches — 21 May 1389 - 22 June 1389
  5. High Admiral Edward, Earl of Rutland and Duke of Abermarle — 29 November 1391 - 9 May 1397.
  6. High Admiral Sir John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset — 9 May 1398 - 15 November 1399. (was bestowed title for life)
  7. Admiral Sir Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester — 15 November 1399 - 21 April 1400.
  8. Admiral Sir John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset — 23 December 1406 - 8 May 1407.
  9. Admiral Sir Thomas Beaufort, Earl of Dorset — 21 September 1408 - 3 June 1414, (was bestowed title for life)

Note: The office was amalgamated into a single office of the High Admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine in 1414

3) Sources

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Admiral_of_the_North_and_West

4) Attribution

  1. By SodacanThis W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape. - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11299307
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