Northern Admiralty
Northern Admiralty
800px-Coat_of_Arms_of_Henry_IV_of_England_%281399-1413%29.svg_1399-141%20%281%29.jpg
Preceding None
Active 1294-1408
Branch English Navy
Type Admiralty
Role Naval Administration & Operations
Country Kingdom of England
Headquarters Yarmouth, England
Commander Admiral of the North
Deputy commander Vice-Admiral of the North
Parent command Armed Forces of England
Sub-command Admiralties of the Coast
Succeeding command Northern and Western Admiralty
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The Northern Admiralty* was a regional admiralty of the English Navy that was administered by the Admiral of the North from 1294 to 1408 when it was unified with the office of the Admiral of the West to create the Northern and Western Admiralty.

It's main component naval force was known as the Northern Fleet or Northern Squadron.

1) History

The Northern Admiralty was chiefly responsible for the command of the navy's Northern Fleet that operated in the North Sea and off the English coast out of Yarmouth. From 19 November 1391 – 26 April 1400 this command was unified with Western Admiralty to form the Northern and Western Admiralty and again from 20 February 1404 – 28 April 1405. This command although vacant from 1408 was amalgamated again with the Western Admiralty to form Northern and Western Admiralty. The origins of the office Admiral of the North dates back to 1294 with the appointment of John de Botetourt. The office was known by different names from its inception, such as Admiral of the North and Admiral on the Yarmouth Station (1294–-1325), Admiral of the North Sea, Admiral of the Northern Squadron and Admiral North, of the Thames with the exception of the office of Admiral of all the Fleets about England between 1360 and 1364 and the creation of the office of Admiral of England from 1385. During the fourteenth centuries this office grew rapidly in importance it was one of the two Admiralty's that existed at this time, and in 1412 this office along with the Admiralty of the West was amalgamated into a single office High Admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine. It was considered the most important naval command in the English Navy from the late 13th century until the beginning of the 15th century.

2) In command

The Admiral of the North also known as Admiral of the Northern Seas and Admiral of the Northern Fleet was a senior English Navy appointment. The post holder was chiefly responsible for the command of the navy's fleet that operated in the North Sea and off the English coast out of Yarmouth from 1294 to 1412.

Post holders included:

Includes:

  1. Admiral Sir John de Botetourt, 1st Baron Botetourt, 1294 – 1306
  2. Admiral Edward Charles, 1306 – 1314
  3. Admiral Sir Peter Bard, 1314 – 1316
  4. Admiral Sir John Perbrun or Perburn, 1316 – 1318
  5. No appointments 1318 – 1322
  6. Admiral John Perbrun or Perburn, 1322- 1324
  7. Admiral Sir John Sturmy, 1324 – 1325
  8. Admiral Sir John Ottervin, 1325
  9. Admiral Sir John de Sturmy, 1325 – 1326
  10. Admiral Sir John Strumy and Sir John Layborn, 1326 – 1327, (jointly)
  11. Admiral Sir John Perbrun, 1327 – 1334
  12. Admiral John de Norwich, Lord Norwich 2 January 1334 – 18 February 1335
  13. Admiral Sir Thomas Ughtred, 18 February 1335 – 10 April 1336
  14. Admiral Sir John de Norwich, 10 April 1336 – 14 January 1337
  15. Admiral Sir Walter Manny, 1st Baron Manny, 18 July 1337 – 28 July 1338
  16. Admiral Sir Thomas de Draiton, 28 July 1338 – 18 February 1339
  17. Admiral Sir Robert de Morley, 2nd Baron Morley, 18 February 1339 – 20 December 1342
  18. Admiral Sir William Truffel. 20 December 1342 – 23 February 1344
  19. Admiral Sir Robert d'Ufford, 1st Earl of Suffolk, 23 February 1344 – 8 March 1347
  20. Admiral Sir John de Howard, 8 March 1347 –1 4 March 1348
  21. Admiral Sir Walter Manny, 1st Baron Manny, 14 March 1348 – 1350
  22. Admiral Sir Robert de Causton, 1350 – 1351
  23. Admiral Robert de Morley, 2nd Baron Morley, 1351 – 8 March 1352
  24. Admiral William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, 8 March 1352 – 5 March 1355
  25. Admiral Sir Robert Morely, the Baron Hengham, 5 March 1355 – 1356
  26. Admiral Robert de Morley, 2nd Baron Morley, 1356 – 18 July 1360
  27. Admiral Sir Nicholas Tamworth, 12 January 1362 – 30 March 1370
  28. Admiral John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, 30 March 1370 – 5 October 1371
  29. Admiral Sir Ralph de Ferrers, 5 October 1371 – 7 March 1372
  30. Admiral Sir William de Neville, 7 March 1372 – 16 July 1376
  31. Admiral William de Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, 16 July 1376 – 24 November 1376
  32. Admiral Sir Michael de la Pole, Baron of Wingfield, 24 November 1376 – 5 December 1377
  33. Admiral Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, 5 December 1377 – 5 November 1378
  34. Admiral Sir Thomas Percy Beauchamp, Earl of Northumberland, 5 November 1378 – 8 March 1379
  35. Admiral Sir William Elmham, 8 March 1379 –26 October 1382
  36. Admiral Sir Walter Fritz Walter, 5th Baron FitzWalter and of Woodham, 26 October 1382 – 19 November 1383
  37. Admiral Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, 19 November 1383 – 26 January 1384
  38. Admiral Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, 26 January 1384 – 22 February 1385 (brother of the Earl of Northumberland
  39. Admiral Philip, 4th Lord Darcy de Knayth, 22 February 1385 – 10 December 1385
  40. Admiral Sir John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont & Sir John Roches jointly, 20 May 1388 – 22 June 1389
  41. Admiral Sir John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont, 22 June 1389 – 22 March 1390
  42. Admiral Edward, Earl of Rutland, 22 March 1390 – 19 November 1391
  43. Admiral Richard Grey, 4th Baron Grey of Codnor, 26 April 1400 – 5 November 1403
  44. Admiral Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter, 5 November 1403 – 20 February 1404 (brother to the Marquess of Dorset)
  45. No appointments: see Admiral of the North and West, 20 February 1404 – 28 April 1405
  46. Admiral Sir Nicholas Blackburn, 28 April 1405 – 23 December 1406
  47. Admiral Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter, 21st December 1408-1426 (appointed Adm of the North for life also appointed Adm of the North and West)

3) Notes

  1. No appointments:18 July 1360 – 12 January 1362
  2. No appointments:10 December 1385 – 20 May 1388
  3. No appointments see Admiral of the North & West, 19 November 1391 – 26 April 1400
  4. The office although vacant was amalgamated into a centralized command under the single office of the Lord Admiral of England in 1412.[14]

4) Sources

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Admiral_of_the_North

5) Attribution

  1. Coat of Arms courtesy of: By SodacanThis W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape. - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11299307
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