Marine Department
Marine Department
Admiralty%20Flag%2019th%20Century.gif
Preceded by None
Country United Kingdom
Founded 1755
Abolished 1809
Headquarters Whitehall, London, England
Head First Secretary Marine Department
Deputy Head Second Secretary Marine Department
Role Marine Secretariat
Affiliations Royal Navy
Parent Department Department of Admiralty
Succeeded Marine Pay Department

The Marine Department was established in 1755 as a consequence of the creation of the Corps of the Royal Marines. under Admiralty control. In its original form it was purely a civilian secretariat, corresponding with the Royal Marine Divisions. It existed until 1809 when its functions were absorbed by the Marine Pay Department. The department was administered by the First Secretary to the Admiralty and his deputy was the Second Secretary to Admiralty.

1) History

The Marine Department originally called the Marine Office was established in 1755 as a consequence of the creation of the Corps of the Royal Marines. under Admiralty control. In its original form it was purely a civilian secretariat, corresponding with the Royal Marine Divisions whose colonels were the most senior Marine officers. Subsequently a Colonel-Commandant in London was established as the senior officer of the Corps, the forerunner of the modern Adjutant-General of the Royal Marines. It existed until 1809 when its functions were absorbed by the Marine Pay Department.

2) Key Officials

2.1) First Secretary

  1. 1763-1795, Philip Stephens
  2. 1795-1804, Sir Evan Nepean
  3. 1804-1807 William Marsden
  4. 1807-1809 Hon. William Wellesley Pole

2.2) Second Secretary

  1. 1797-1804 William Marsden
  2. 1804 Jan-May Benjamin Tucker
  3. 1804-1806, John Barrow
  4. 1806-1807, Benjamin Tucker
  5. 1807-1809, Sir John Barrow

2.3) First Clerk in the Marine Department

  1. 1755-1766, G. Fearne
  2. 1766-1782, G. Jackson
  3. 1782-1789, J. Madden
  4. 1789-1809, G. Coombe

2.4) Second Clerk in the Marine Department

  1. 1755-1760, J. Clevland
  2. 1760-1782, J. Madden
  3. 1782-1784, J. Bindley
  4. 1784-1789, G. Coombe
  5. 1789-1796, B. Maxwell
  6. 1796-1809, S.Moss

2.5) Third Clerk in the Marine Department

  1. 1778-1782, J. Bindley
  2. 1782-1809, G. Coombe

2.6) Extra Clerks in the Marine Department

  1. 1755-1760, B. Rogers
  2. 1755-1760, J. Madden
  3. 1760-1770, H. Parker
  4. 1770-1778, D. Forbes
  5. 1778-1809, G. Coombe

3) Sources

  1. 'Marine department', in Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4, Admiralty Officials 1660-1870, ed. J C Sainty (London, 1975), pp. 82-84. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/office-holders/vol4/pp82-84 [accessed 26 November 2018].
  2. Parliament, Great Britain. (1797) The Royal Kalendar and Court and City Register for England, Scotland, Ireland and the Colonies. W. March. England. p. 131.
  3. Parliament, Great Britain. (1805) The Royal Kalendar and Court and City Register for England, Scotland, Ireland and the Colonies. W. March. England. p. 159.

4) Attribution

  1. Flag of the Admiralty by By Martin Grieve at CRW Flags: https://fotw.info/flags/gb-lha.html
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