Government of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Government of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Type Government
Preceded by Government of the Kingdom of England
Country Kingdom of Great Britain
Founded 1707
Abolished 1801
Headquarters Whitehall, London, England
Head Prime Minister of Great Britain
Deputy Head First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
Role Naval Civil Administration
Succeeded by Government of the United Kingdom

The Government of the Kingdom of Great Britain formally referred to as His or Her Majesty's Government, was the central government of the Kingdom of Great Britain from 1707 tom 1801. It was commonly referred to as simply the the British Government.

1) History

The Government was led by the Prime Minister of Great Britain who chooses the other Ministers. The Prime Minister and the other most powerful Ministers belong to a group known as the Cabinet, who are the most important decision makers in the Government.] These ministers are all members of Parliament. Laws are made by MPs voting in Parliament, which is called 'legislative authority'. These laws make what is called primary legislation. The government is chosen by the people of the United Kingdom voting in an election and, at least every five years, the people can vote again. The monarch selects the Prime Minister as the leader of the party who is likely to get the most votes in Parliament. Under the British constitution, making laws is done by Parliament, the power to "give assent" to the laws belongs to the monarch. The policy and administration of the laws is done by the direction of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. This is called executive authority. The monarch generally always does things suggested by the elected government. The Cabinet members advise the monarch as part of a group called Privy Council. They also use their power directly as leaders of the Government departments. The British kind of government is sometimes called parliamentary government.

2) Ministers and Departments HM Government

At various times included:

  1. First Lord of the Treasury - HM Treasury
  2. Chancellor of the Exchequer - HM Treasury
  3. Lord President of the Council - Privy Council
  4. Lord Chancellor - Judiciary of England and Wales
  5. Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster - Duchy of Lancaster Estate
  6. Master-General of the Ordnance - Board of Ordnance
  7. Secretary of State for the Southern Department - Southern Department
  8. Secretary of State for the Northern Department - Northern Department
  9. Secretary of State for the Home Department - Home Office
  10. Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs - Foreign Office
  11. Secretary for War - War Office
  12. Lord Privy Seal - Office of the Privy Seal
  13. Lord High Admiral - Office of the Lord High Admiral
  14. First Lord of the Admiralty - Department of Admiralty

3) Ministers not in the Cabinet

At various times included:

  1. Commander-in-Chief of the Forces
  2. Paymaster-General of the Forces - Office of HM Paymaster-General of the Forces
  3. President of the Board of Trade - Board of Trade
  4. Secretary at War - War Office
  5. Treasurer of the Navy - Department of Admiralty

4) Attribution

The image of the Royal Coat of Arms of Great Britain and seal of HM Government By SodacanThis W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape. - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

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